AskDefine | Define self

Dictionary Definition

self adj
1 combining form; oneself or itself; "self-control"
2 used as a combining form; relating to--of or by or to or from or for--the self; "self-knowledge"; "self-proclaimed"; "self-induced"


1 your consciousness of your own identity [syn: ego]
2 a person considered as a unique individual; "one's own self" [also: selves (pl)]

User Contributed Dictionary



self, seolf, sylf.




  1. The essential qualities that make a person or a thing distinct from all others.


  1. same
    • 1605: I am made of that self mettle as my sister — William Shakespeare, King Lear I.i




Old English


Common Germanic *selbha-, whence also Old High German selb, Old Norse sjálfr


  1. self

Extensive Definition

The self is the individual person, from his or her own perspective. To you, self is you. To someone else, self is that person.
The following list of topics is provided as an overview of and introduction to the self:
portalpar Personal life

Essence of oneself

Main articles: Self (philosophy), Self (psychology), and Self (sociology)
You have:
  • security rights that protect people against crimes such as murder, massacre, torture and rape
  • liberty rights that protect freedoms in areas such as belief and religion, association, assembling and movement
  • political rights that protect the liberty to participate in politics by expressing themselves, protesting, voting and serving in public office
  • due process rights that protect against abuses of the legal system such as imprisonment without trial, secret trials and excessive punishments
  • equality rights that guarantee equal citizenship, equality before the law and nondiscrimination
  • welfare rights (also known as economic or social rights) that require the provision of education and protections against severe poverty and starvation
  • group rights that provide protection for groups against ethnic genocide and for the ownership by countries of their national territories and resources

Personality traits

Main articles: Big Five personality traits and Trait theory''

Personal values


See the list at Virtue#Virtues and values


self in Catalan: Jo
self in German: Selbst
self in Italian: Sé (coscienza)
self in Portuguese: Si mesmo
self in Finnish: Itse
self in Tajik: Self

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

I, I myself, alter, alter ego, alterum, anima, anima humana, atman, ba, better self, breath, breath of life, buddhi, coconscious, collective unconscious, conscience, conscious self, death instinct, divine breath, ego, ego ideal, ego-id conflict, ethical self, foreconscious, he, heart, her, herself, him, himself, id, inner man, inner self, it, jiva, jivatma, khu, libidinal energy, libido, manes, me, mind, motive force, my humble self, myself, nephesh, number one, oneself, other self, ourselves, persona, personality, pleasure principle, pneuma, preconscious, primitive self, psyche, psychic apparatus, purusha, racial unconscious, ruach, shade, shadow, she, soul, spirit, spiritual being, spiritus, subconscious, subconscious mind, subconscious self, subliminal, subliminal self, submerged mind, superego, the self, them, themselves, they, unconscious, unconscious mind, vital impulse, you, yours truly, yourself, yourselves
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